Acute apical periodontitis occurs in the apical periodontal as an inflammation that results from a complication of the inflammatory process of the pulp.
There are many forms of acute apical periodontitis.
Any aggressor who can produce an imbalance can be a determining factor:
- Injuries such as bruxism, malocclusions, prosthetic, endodontic treatments.
- Chemical agents: substances that reach the apical tissue;
- Microbial agents: microorganisms that reach the apical tissue level through the root canal, peridontal pockets etc.
- Malaise (fever, chills);
- Pain upon percussion;
- Acute pain;
- Swelling of the mucous membrane and skin;
Acute apical periodontitis requires complex treatment – eliminating the cause (usually by treating pulpitis or gangrene). Treatment is particular from one patient to another, depending on the reactivity of each individual and teeth condition.